What Is The Hajj?

Knowing what is the Hajj is the knowledge that must be owned by a Muslim. Hajj is a pillar of Islam to 5. As with the other pillars of Islam, is the duty of Muslims to carry out all that God commanded. However, a special issue for hajj, charged only to those who are able to be physically, mentally and financially. It is as the word of Allah:

Pilgrimage (Hajj) thereto is a duty men owe to Alloh, those who can afford the journey.……(Ali Imron: 97)


1. Definition of Hajj

2. History of the Hajj

3. Recommendation Hajj in the Holy Qur’an and the Hadith of the Prophet

what is the hajj


In language, The Hajj is defined as going to the exalted place. While the term referred to Hajj is visiting Baitulloh to do the deeds specific on time and a certain way. Time here is just the pilgrimage season, which lasts from the first day of Shawwal for 10 months Dzulhijah.


Talk about the Hajj of course can not be separated from the discussion of Kaaba.

Kaaba is the Qibla of Muslims when praying.When the pilgrimage then we will be praying in front of Kaaba. There is some history about who was first to build the Kaaba. Some argue that the Kaaba was built by angels 2000 years before man was created. Another story says that the construction of a second time, because the first one was established by Allah with Kun Fayakun. The other says that the prophet Adam, who built the foundation Kaaba. After so its foundation the Baitul Makmur or Kaaba descended from the sky and put thereon. After the prophet Adam died or when the flood that occurred in the time of Noah, the Ka’aba again raised to the sky. Later in his time Ibraham, Allah ordered to build an ancient house (Baitullah) back.

After building the basics Ancient house (Baitullah), Allah called Prophet Ibrahim to summon all mankind to pilgrimage in the holy land. Allah Almighty says:

And Proclaim the pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every camel, lean (on account of journeys) through deep and distant mountain highways (Al-Hajj: 27)

Then Allah spread proclaim prophet Ibrahim to the whole universe. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person hearing the proclaim, whether he was born in the world are still exist in the spiritual realm and then answer Labbaik (i am coming), then he will be facilitated able to perform the pilgrimage to Baitullah.


In many Quranic verses pertaining to the primacy of the pilgrims. Likewise, in the hadiths prophet.

The following will be given one verse and one hadith the prophet merely as an example that in practice also concerns us.

1. Allah says:

This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed my favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion……(Al Maidah: 3)

According to this verse one of the largest virtue of hajj is there good news stating that religion had been perfected. Alghazali priest wrote in his book Ihya ulumudin said that Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam which the tenets of religion ends. Islam has been perfected, and the pilgrimage season verse yauma akmaltu lakum dinakum lowered. Mentioned in a hadith that after the fall of the verse does not come down again the new law regarding halal and haram.

2. Hadith the Prophet about the virtues of Hajj

From Abu Hurairah ra, he heard the Prophet Muhammad said:

Whoever pilgrimage (Hajj) to obtain the good pleasure of Allah and he did not utter the words of immorality and indecency did then he would go back to a clean state of sin as on the day when his mother gave birth (Mustafaq alaih, Misykat).

Newborns certainly have no sin, he scared of all disobedience. So also the result of doing the pilgrimage is back in a state of purity without sin. There is a difference of opinion among scholars, about sin forgiven after Hajj are all sins which includes large and small sins, while most scholars argue that forgiveness is a small sin. In the above hadith there are three things that must be considered in the development of the pilgrimage, namely:

1. Worshiped solely because of Allah. When the pilgrimage should be kept intention merely to seek calmness Allah not because others like popularity or destination for a vacation

2. When performing Hajj no rafts or cruel words. When Haj course we will meet a lot of people there. Therefore, we should be able to keep yourself not saying things in vain, gross and disrespectful.

3. Third Case mentioned in the above hadith is Fusuq, which do not perform heinous acts. The definition of the heinous act is covering all kinds of disobedience to Allah and includes also a fight because this is also included.


Hajj is a pillar of Islam last falsifies religion. This article is intended to provide knowledge to Muslims about what is The Hajj. In the next article will be discussed more fully about the Hajj and Umrah.

What Is The Hajj? | kangbambang | 4.5